Running Spring Boot JAR with Docker

Containerize your SpringBoot application in no time…

In my previous post, we discussed how to deploy a SpringBoot WAR file into Tomcat running in Docker

Here in this post, we are going to see how to run SpringBoot Web application JAR file directly in Docker

Wait ! How come a Java Web Application can run without deploying in an Application Server like Tomcat/Jetty ?

SpringBoot came up with a clever idea to achieve it. When you add Spring-Boot-Starter-Web dependency, it adds Embedded Tomcat JAR file to our class path

Embedded Tomcat Jar (Embedded Jetty/UnderTow also available) can do all things standalone Tomcat can do expect that Embedded Tomcat Jar is packed along with our application JAR file

Lets take my sample Spring Boot Application (Refer here :

My application uses maven, so here is the commands to run the application

> mvn clean package
> java -jar target/spring-h2-demo.jar

Once we verify the application running successfully in local, we can containerize the application.

Lets start with creating a Dockerfile in root directory of the project

FROM openjdk:8-jre-slim
COPY /target/spring-h2-demo.jar spring-h2-demo.jar
ENTRYPOINT ["java", "-jar", "spring-h2-demo.jar"]

DockerFile demystified

FROM — Base image on top of which our custom image is to be build

WORKDIR — To define the working directory. CMD, ENTRYPOINT commands will run from this directory only

COPY — Copy JAR file into WORKDIR

EXPOSE — Expose port 8080 outside Docker container

ENTRYPOINT — The command to be executed when the docker run command executed

To build & run the docker image

> mvn clean package 
> docker build -t my-image .
> docker run -p 8080:8080 my-image

Note: There is a . (dot) at the end of the docker build command to specify current directory

Thats all folks !!!

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